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Norse Runes for Wedding Altars, Rings, and Invitations - The Full Elder Futhark Alphabet

Published Monday, Oct. 11th, 2021

Norse runes are scattered on a wooden table next to a carved bone sheath and an antler. These runes can be used in wedding decor and on a Pagan altar, and are carved into white stone or bone in delicate patterns

Norse runes can be used in Pagan wedding decor, on the ceremony altar, added to invitations, and more



Norse runes are powerful symbols with an ancient and magical history. These runes are known by scholars as the Elder Futhark, and are thought to be one of the oldest forms of runic alphabet. 


They were carved into stone and metal for protection, ritual magic, casting and divination, vengeance, and to share stories of harvest, gods, and battle. 


First used by Germanic and Scandinavian peoples, including the Vikings in northern Europe, it’s speculated that the Futhark runes became popular in the first or second century A.D. They have since been used by Wiccans, Hedge Witches, Neo Druids, Heathens and other modern Pagans. 


Each character represents a sound which can be placed together to spell words and create a story, or read on its own to symbolize a unique concept, object, or action. 




Viking wedding sword and wedding bands engraved with runes

Runes can be engraved on wedding bands or wedding swords 


Runes as a part of the wedding ceremony 


Because of their symbolism and visual beauty, as well as their role in Pagan ritual and magic, runes are frequently seen at Viking weddings as part of the marriage rite, and at Wiccan and Pagan handfastings.

(See Handfasting Ceremony Scripts and Pagan Weddings Scripts in our Library)


You’ll find runes printed on wedding invitations, etched into wedding bands, wedding crowns, and pieces of heirloom jewelry, and painted on wedding altars and arches. You may even see them placed on the walls or floors of a wedding venue as part of casting a circle.


When used intentionally as part of a Pagan wedding ritual, including Viking weddings, runes are said to bless a marriage with wealth and good health, fertility, wisdom and strength, protection from evil outside forces, and years of love and happiness. 


Get ordained online with American Marriage Ministries to become a minister today, and learn how to marry friends and family in a beautiful, authentic ceremony. 




The Elder Futhark - Viking Runes 


Below, you’ll find each of the 24 runes of the Elder Futhark, along with its individual meaning. 


Norse Runes for Viking Weddings, Fehu, Uruz, and Thurisaz

Fehu, Uruz, and Thurisaz



1. Fehu, F 
“Cattle” Wealth, material comfort, prosperity, abundance in the home, hope for the future


2. Uruz, U
“Wild Ox” Good health, determination, resilience, strength 


3. Thurisaz, TH
“Giant” The giants of Norse mythology, chaos, driving power, danger, and forceful emotion, negative unless handled with wisdom 


Norse Runes, Ansuz, Raido, and Kenaz

Ansuz, Raido, and Kenaz



4. Ansuz, A
“God or Deity” Odin, divine insight, prosperity, inspiration 


5. Raido, R
“A Long Journey” Fortitude, patience, strength, evolution, growth, the cycle of life


6. Kenaz, K
“Fire or Light” Truth, transparency in communication, triumph of good, creativity, fire element (Also written Kaun, Kaunaz)


Norse Runes, Gebo, Wunjo, and Hagalaz

 Gebo, Wunjo, and Hagalaz



7. Gebo, G
“A Gift or Sacrifice to the Gods” Spiritual connection, willing surrender, faith, hope, a generous spirit 


8. Wunjo, W
“Joy” Emotional and physical safety, triumph in battle, deep happiness and joy, family


9. Hagalaz, H
“Hail” Stormy weather, both literal and metaphoric, the hail of battle, destruction, risk, air element

Norse Runes, Nauthiz, Isa, Jera

Nauthiz, Isa, Jera



10. Nauthiz, N
“Need” The essential needs for a successful life, and life itself, necessity, wants


11. Isa, I
“Ice” Patience and frustration, a period of waiting for clarity, something unknown and undecided


12. Jera, Y
“A Year or the Harvest” A full turn of the wheel, coming full circle, a period of abundance and harvest, earth element

Norse Runes, Eithwaz, Perth, Algiz

Eithwaz, Perth, Algiz



13. Eithwaz, EI
“Yew Tree” The sacred yew tree, the wood of which is used to carve rune stones and wands for ritual; sacred, magical, spiritually potent, divine source


14. Perth, P
Unknown - this rune has unknown meaning and is sometimes avoided for this reason


15. Algiz, Z
“Protection” Protection and defense against harm

Runes, Sowilo, Tiwaz, Berkano

 Sowilo, Tiwaz, Berkano



16. Sowilo, S
“The Sun or Sól the Norse god of sunlight”


17. Tiwaz, T
“God of War, Tyr, or Tir” Battle, victory, family, honor, righteousness


18. Berkano, B
“Goddess of Spring, Iduna, Idun, or Iðunn” Fertility, renewal, springtime, new beginnings, youthful joy, birch trees, apples, earth element

Viking Runes, Ehwaz, Mannaz, Laguz

Ehwaz, Mannaz, Laguz



19. Ehwaz, E
“The Horse” Steady and easy companionship, trust


20. Mannaz, M
“Humankind” Family, community, relationships, mortality, vulnerability


21. Laguz, L
“Water” Unknown depths, fluidity of spirit and mind, strong emotions, unpredictability, water element

Norse Runes for wedding, Ingwaz, Dagaz, Othila

Ingwaz, Dagaz, and Othila



22. Ingwaz, NG
Somewhat unknown, thought to symbolize Ing, Yngvi, or Freyr, Frey, God of Virility (male sexual potency), Prosperity, harvest, abundance 


23. Dagaz, D
“Daylight” New beginnings, fresh possibility, the cycle of the day, hope, enlightenment, change, fire element


24. Othila, O
“Inheritance” Wisdom, wealth, ancestors, lineage (Also written as Odal, Othala)




Wedding invitations, a scroll of paper with runes

Runes can be written on your vows or invitations



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Jessica Levey
Jessica Levey

Lead Staff Writer & Illustrator

Jessica loves exploring the history and magic of ritual, the connections between people and places, and sharing true stories about love and commitment. She's an advocate for marriage equality, LGBTQ+ rights, and individuality, and is an ordained Minister with AMM. When she’s not writing or illustrating for AMM, she enjoys city hikes, fantasy novels, comics, and traveling.

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