Stay up to date with the latest wedding ceremony trends, script writing inspiration, tips and advice for first-time officiants, and news that matters to couples and wedding ministers.

How to Perform a Unity Candle Ceremony (for Wedding Officiants)

Published Friday, Apr. 29th, 2022

Close up of a groom and a bride holding lit candles during a unity candle ceremony. The candles are decorated with greenery, a white rose, and ribbon. The groom wears a dark suit and white shirt, and the bride wears a strapless white and pink wedding gown.

Everything you need to know about a unity candle lighting ceremony, including a sample script for wedding officiants! 



Listen now: 

AMM Audio Articles · How to Perform a Unity Candle Ceremony (for Wedding Officiants)


Unity candle ceremonies are popular and beautiful unity rituals. They symbolize the joining together of two distinct personalities in devoted partnership. They’re also chosen to represent the blending of two separate families into one, especially when meaningful elders or children participate. 
If you’re performing or planning a unity candle lighting ceremony for the first time, or will be setting one up in a new or unusual venue, you may wonder about the best approach to take. 


You’re in the right place!


We’ll cover supplies, set up, rehearsal, delivery, and what to consider after the ceremony. 



Scroll down for a sample script and video demonstration.



A close up of a couple on their wedding day, holding the unity candle together

The light of love



Basic unity candle ceremony outline


  • Light two candles, one for each partner 

(These candles might already be lit when the ceremony starts, or two family members might light them and pass them to the couple, or the wedding officiant might light them to start the ceremony, etc.)


  • The officiant talks about the meaning of the two candles, and the symbolism of two flames joining as one

(After this speech, the officiant asks the couple to light the third candle together)


  • The partners light the third candle together, using the two smaller candles

(This third candle is the ‘unity candle’)


  • The two smaller candles are placed back in their holders 

(These are usually left burning)


  • More details and a sample script below! 





The couple will provide the supplies, but the wedding officiant should make sure that all of the required items are set up and ready to go before the ceremony starts. 


You’ll need: 


  • Two small candles with candle holders*

(Many couples choose taper candles for their individual candles. Use an additional candle for anyone else you want to include in the unity ritual, such as kids, parents, or close friends.)


  • A larger decorative candle with candle holder or plate/ tray*

(This is the ‘unity candle’ which will be kept as a memento after the ceremony. Specialty candles with carved names and dates can be purchased, but many couples just choose a large pillar candle in a favorite color. )


  • A lighter or matches

(Keep aesthetics in mind – this lighter might be visible and even photographed during the ceremony. And don’t forget to bring a backup!)


  • A table or stand to hold the candles and decor


  • Decorative touches for the table / wedding altar


*Customize this ceremony with sculpted, scented, hand poured, or colored candles. To add a dash of witchcraft and magic to the day, choose a candle in a symbolic color. 



Related: Pagan Wedding Altars : An Illustrated Look at a Year and a Day Altar



Pro Tip: Choose a low smoke or clean burning candle for indoor ceremonies, and don’t forget to trim the wick! If your wedding guests are sensitive to strong odors you may want to purchase unscented candles. 



Unity candles ready to be used on the wedding day, there are two tall white taper candles and one larger column candle, all with pink lace

What type of candles will you choose? 

Take your pick from various shapes, colors, scents, materials, styles, and more! 


Set Up


Make sure that all supplies are set up and ready for use before the ceremony starts. And don’t forget to bring a backup lighter! 


The smaller candles should be placed on either end of the table so that they’re easy to reach. 


Make sure the table is at an appropriate height so that the couple will not need to bend down, and clear away any drapery or decorations that might accidentally catch on fire.  


Decorate the table with flowers, herbs, crystals, framed photos of family members, colorful fabric table cloths, and any other meaningful items that speak to the couples’ unique relationship. 


Related: Honoring the Memory of Loved Ones in Your Wedding Ceremony



Table placement 


Where you put the table matters a great deal! This should be decided before or during the rehearsal. 


Here are a few popular options to consider:


Off to the side:


When placing the table off to one side, choose a spot that the couple can walk to easily (without tangling a long dress). If a wedding has two brides in long gowns, you’ll probably want to choose an alternate placement.


Close to the audience: 


To give your guests the best view, place the table up front and just to the side. As the couple steps forward to perform the ceremony, they’ll move closer to the guests, which will feel more interactive for everyone involved. 


Behind the officiant: 


The simplest choice is to place the table behind the officiant. The officiant will step behind the table when it’s time for the unity ceremony, and the couple won’t need to move much (or at all) to take their places. This is a popular choice because the stand isn’t noticeable until the officiant steps behind it, and the audience will not need to shift their attention to a different location. 


Pro Tip: You should absolutely have a rehearsal. During the rehearsal, remember that everyone will be wearing different clothes on the wedding day. Keep this in mind when you’re choosing where to place the table and candles to accommodate long gowns and bridal trains, theme wedding costumes, robes, or decorative sleeves or shawls. 




A close up of a man and woman holding small taper candles as they light the unity candle at their wedding reception

Be mindful of decorations and clothing when setting up your candles



Delivery & What to Say


When do you light the unity candle?


A candle lighting ceremony can take place at any time during the marriage ceremony, but usually fits seamlessly after the vow or ring exchange, as a continuation of these symbols of love and commitment.



Who lights the smaller / individual candles? 


Before the rehearsal, decide who will light the two individual candles. You have options!  


  • They might already be lit when the ceremony starts
  • A mother, father, or friend might light them and pass them to the couple
  • The partners might each light their own
  • Or the wedding officiant might light them to start the ritual. 


This is entirely up to the couple. Asking a parent or friend to light the candle is a great way to involve loved ones in the ceremony.  


Related: How to Include Family and Friends In Your Wedding Ceremony


Keep in mind how much time the ritual takes during the rehearsal, and consider whether or not there’s time to involve other people. These small details matter! 


Transitional phrases & ceremony wording 


Transitions are key when shifting from another part of the ceremony to the unity ceremony.

Officiants should offer a few words to let guests know what’s coming next, and then talk about the ritual’s symbolism and meaning for the couple.


Below, you'll find an example of what to say during the unity ritual.



Unity Candle Ceremony Sample Script 


(Following the vow and ring exchange)


Officiant to the Couple:


“Partner A and Partner B, you’ve exchanged vows and rings as a symbol of your devotion to each other. 


Now, we celebrate you as individuals and as partners, as you join forces to build a bright and joyful future together." 


(The couple picks up the lit candles, or takes the candles from a friend/ relative.)



Officiant to the Couple:


"These two flames represent all that you are as individuals – the spark and light that you bring to life. The two of you bring such joy to the people in your lives. You burn brightly, shining with an unstoppable curiosity and passion, hope, and determination. 


Today, the light and joy you bring to life is doubled. As you light the unity candle together, let its warmth remind you that neither of you outshines the other. You are two twin flames, dancing, daring, and burning brightly. 


As you join together, let the flame you create light your path forward in happy and harmonious union."


(The couple lights the unity candle together using the smaller candles.)



  • After the unity candle is lit and the individual candles have been placed back in their holders, the officiant will transition into the next part of the ceremony. Usually, this is their closing remarks followed by the pronouncement. 


The officiant might say: 


Officiant to the Couple: 


“Thank you both for sharing this beautiful ritual with us! Now, please join me back at the altar.”



Pro Tip: If one of the candles goes out during the ceremony, simply light it again using the second candle or the lighter and continue with the ceremony. And don’t worry about spilled wax! 


See full wedding ceremony scripts with a unity candle ritual here. 



Watch a simple demonstration of a unity candle lighting below.






After the Ceremony 


Unity candle ceremonies are popular because they bring a visual storytelling component to the wedding ceremony, and the couple will have a decorative keepsake to place on a shelf or mantle at home. 


In fact, some couples light the candle again each year on their anniversary, to reflect on their relationship while sipping a glass of wine!  


A final planning note: Choose a friend or relative to be in charge of cleanup after the ceremony, and someone to take the candle for safe-keeping. 


You might also like: 






Illustration of a wedding altar decorated with flowers and vases for a sand ceremony

Wedding altar arranged with flowers and vases for a sand ceremony 

Illustrated by Jessica Levey


From How to Perform a Unity Sand Ceremony (for Wedding Officiants)



How To Officiate By State

Will You Marry Us? Gift Package

Who Will Officiate Your Wedding?

Choose Your Officiant with our "Will You Marry Us?" Gift Package.

Signature Wedding Officiant Package

Signature Wedding Officiant Package

Our premiere package contains everyting you need to officiate like a pro.

The Book of Wedding Vows and Ceremonies

The Book of Wedding Vows and Ceremonies

It's finally here! Timeless scripts and heartfelt vow inspiration to bring life to your ceremony.

Professional Wedding Officiant Certification Course

Learn from the Pros to Officiate with Confidence!

Wedding Officiant Training

Wedding Officiant Training

Everything you need to know to officiate.

Read our sample wedding ceremony scripts online

Sample Wedding Ceremony Scripts

Need inspiration? Check out our free ceremony scripts!

Subscribe To Our Newsletter!


Become a Wedding Officiant with Our Free Online Ordination!